Before we left for Barcelona (our embarkation port) we were introduced via email to a Pinoy, based in Italy, who started a business of taking cruisers to their destinations of interest for less than half the price of the ship's land tours! He has a 12 passenger van and he took us where we wanted to go for the day. He picked us up as we disembark in the morning and return us to the ship before the ship sails away. We used his service at Civitavecchia (Rome), Villafranche (Monaco, Monte Carlo and Nice) and Naples. He does not advertise but he generates business through referrals. Last I heard his business has expanded and he now has several vans and they do not only take passengers from cruise ships but they now take tourists on land tours in Europe. Good for him and his business!
A victim of Mt. Vesuvious' eruption
A hillside view of Florence